Treat, manage and prevent musculoskeletal pain and injury

How can myotherapy nourish you?

Myotherapy, translated from the Greek term ‘myo’ meaning ‘muscle,’ is a form of physical therapy[1] concerned with the prevention, treatment and management of musculoskeletal pain[2] and associated conditions.

Myotherapy is founded on Western medical principles of anatomy, physiology, biomechanics and pathology. This modality incorporates a wide range of evidence-based techniques[3] such as manual therapy, dry needling, trigger point therapy, joint mobilisation, cupping, stretching, exercise rehabilitation, taping and pain management. 

Myotherapy is differentiated from other therapies such as remedial massage or physiotherapy by its unique and holistic approach to help the body heal from musculoskeletal and neuromuscular dysfunction. 

While remedial massage exclusively uses massage techniques to assist with muscle pain and physiotherapy is primarily concerned with the rehabilitation of joint injuries[4], Myotherapists have a deep understanding of the human anatomy and offer a more comprehensive treatment[5] protocol to treat pain and misalignment.

Myotherapists are considered primary health care providers[6] and may operate from stand-alone practices or in multidisciplinary environments.  

In Australia, Myotherapists receive qualifications from government-accredited institutions and must be registered with a recognised professional body such as the Australian Natural Therapists Association[7] or Myotherapy Association Australia.[8]

Benefits of myotherapy

The benefits of myotherapy are numerous given its comprehensive approach to muscle therapy and reliance on a range of evidence-based techniques.

Trigger point dry needling[9], for example, is one such technique with clinical research to support its efficacy for reducing acute and chronic pain, as well as improving motor performance and range of motion. Notably, two separate publications validate dry needling as effective for the management of myofascial pain[10] originating in the neck[11], shoulders and spinal muscles.   

Massage and electrotherapy[12] are another two modalities used in myotherapy that, according to published research[13], offer therapeutic benefits for improving muscle tone, stiffness and muscle contraction.

Myotherapy may assist in relieving symptoms related to:

Achilles tendonitis Back pain Foot, heel and ankle issues Headaches and migraines Joint issues Muscle spasm, tightness and cramps Muscle strain and injury Neck pain Pain relief Posture and spine issues Sports injuries Sprains, strains and ligament injuries Tennis elbow and repetitive strain injury (RSI) Show all

What to expect from a myotherapy session

A qualified myotherapist should conduct a thorough assessment during your first appointment. You will be asked questions regarding your medical history, prior illness, injuries or surgeries. This is to ensure that your myotherapist has a well-informed understanding of your symptoms and general health. 

Your initial discussion will be followed by careful examination[14] and manipulation of the affected joints and muscles. Reflex testing, range of motion checks, gait examination, posture assessment, palpation or orthopaedic, neurological and functional testing are routine methods used in this setting. 

The nature of your symptoms will determine your treatment, as well as the requirement for ongoing myotherapy management. You may also be advised on home treatment options such as exercises, stretches, heat and cold therapy or relaxation techniques to further your recovery. 

Since myotherapists often work alongside other healthcare professionals to optimise patient outcomes,[15] you may be referred to other practitioners for complementary treatment. 

A referral from your doctor or healthcare practitioner is not required for myotherapy, however, your medical practitioner may be able to provide appropriate recommendations. According to the Myotherapy Association Australia,[16] consultations with qualified Myotherapists may entitle you to health fund rebates which vary between funds and policies.

As with any exercise or wellness program, please consult your medical professional before commencing myotherapy. Don’t hesitate to ask your therapist about your health condition, prescribed exercises, or if you are experiencing any unexpected pain or discomfort. They will be happy to address your concerns and adjust your treatment, or refer you to other healthcare specialists as needed. 


  1. Myotherapy | Better Health Channel
  2. The Definitive Guide To Myotherapy | Australian Natural Therapists Association
  3. Home | Myotherapy Association Australia
  4. Knoxfield Physiotherapy Practice | PhysioChoice
  5. What is the difference between Remedial Massage & Myotherapy? | BodyMotion
  6. Primary healthcare explained | Better Health Channel
  7. The Definitive Guide To Myotherapy | Benefits Treatments
  8. Home | Myotherapy Association Australia
  9. Trigger Point Dry Needling An Evidence and Clinical-Based Approach | Google Books
  10. Dry needling for the management of thoracic spine pain | Taylor & Francis Online
  11. Effectiveness of dry needling for chronic nonspecific neck pain: a randomized, single-blinded, clinical trial | PAIN
  12. Electrotherapy | ScienceDirect Topics
  13. Therapeutic effects of massage and electrotherapy on muscle tone, stiffness and muscle contraction following gastrocnemius muscle fatigue | PMC
  14. What To Expect In A Treatment | Elite Myotherapy
  15. Massage & Mytherapy Australia |
  16. Home | Myotherapy Association Australia

Frequently asked questions

Myotherapy is a form of physical therapy focusing on the prevention, treatment, and management of musculoskeletal pain and related conditions. It differentiates itself through a holistic approach that incorporates evidence-based techniques such as manual therapy, dry needling, and exercise rehabilitation.

Myotherapy employs a unique and holistic approach to help the body heal from musculoskeletal and neuromuscular dysfunction. Techniques such as manual therapy, dry needling, and joint mobilization are utilized to alleviate pain and improve overall function.

Myotherapy is grounded in Western medical principles, including anatomy, physiology, biomechanics, and pathology. These principles form the foundation for the evidence-based techniques used in myotherapy to address musculoskeletal issues.

Myotherapy sessions may include various evidence-based techniques, such as manual therapy, dry needling, trigger point therapy, joint mobilization, cupping, stretching, exercise rehabilitation, taping, and pain management, tailored to individual needs.

Myotherapy incorporates techniques like trigger point therapy, joint mobilization, and pain management strategies to address and manage musculoskeletal pain. The holistic approach aims to provide comprehensive relief for individuals dealing with various pain conditions.

Myotherapy is suitable for a range of musculoskeletal conditions. Individuals experiencing pain, discomfort, or dysfunction related to muscles and soft tissues can benefit from myotherapy, which is tailored to address specific needs and promote overall well-being.
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